Cataract is caused by the clouding of the natural lens of the eye and usually develops as a result of old age, but may occur in infants and young children too.
This results in blurred vision, glare, and sensitivity to bright lights.
As the disease progresses, it leads to painless, progressive decrease in vision which can also result in a poor quality of life, interfering with day-to-day activities like driving and reading.
To determine whether you have a cataract, your doctor will review your medical history and symptoms, and perform an eye examination. Your doctor may conduct several tests, including:
There is no medication for treating cataract. The only effective treatment is surgery. With the advancement in technology, cataract surgery is now a safe, painless, no injection procedure.
Cataract surgery is commonly done using a Phacoemulsification machine with the implantation of an intra-ocular lens in the eye. The incision size is less than 2.8/2.2 mm and generally does not require any sutures. The patient is discharged the same day and can resume normal activities from the next day (with a few precautions).
Dr. Karan Bhatia is an expert cataract surgeon who is well versed with the latest techniques of cataract surgery.
Earlier patients should used to wait for the cataract to become white to undergo surgery. However, it no longer recommended.
One can undergo cataract surgery if the cataract disturbs the daily activities of the patient or causes mild blurring of vision or if there is presence of glare or haloes around lights.